Our Presentation

Our free 45-minute presentations are essential viewing for people who care about food, people who care about people, and people who like seeing cute animal pictures.

The presentation can be adapted for a wide range of audiences. We have specialized versions for elementary, middle, high school, and college classes, as well as businesses, non-profits, and faith communities. 

We can also tailor the content to best meet the interests of your class or group. Factory farming has wide-ranging impacts: we can speak on health/nutrition, animal welfare, social justice, environment/sustainability, women's rights/gender issues, economics, or world politics.


Schedule your presentation today.

ffac green.jpg

This presentation gave me a broader perspective. I've always wondered how one person can make a difference... now I know.

–High School Geography Student

This presentation has shown me that finding a better way to eat gives us a better world to live in.

–High School Modern World History Student


All of the students felt that the presentation was valuable and agreed that we should have it again next year. We had them write their main takeaways, which included “I really enjoyed the lecture and had never heard these things before” and “The lecture is definitely enlightening.”

–Instructor of Food Justice Course at Stanford University


The FFAC presentations are an interesting and inspiring way to accomplish a wide spectrum of educational goals, whether it is introducing students to the adverse effects of industrialized meat production or to dive in further about the global ramifications. My students were engaged the entire time and continued to discuss it days after the presentation.

–AP Biology Teacher, Irvington High School

FFAC Environmental Presentation at Google

FFAC Presentation at Genentech

FFAC Presentation at Genentech


Aditazz (Palo Alto, CA)

Adobe (San Jose, CA)

eBay (Mountain View, CA)

Exygy (San Francisco, CA)

Genentech (South San Francisco, CA)

Google (Mountain View, CA)

Globality (Menlo Park, CA)

Intuit (Mountain View, CA)

Miyoko's Kitchen (Fairfax, CA)

Pinterest (San Francisco, CA)

Salesforce (San Francisco, CA)


Animal Place Farmed Animal Conference (Grass Valley, CA)

Best of Both Worlds Conference (Estes Park, CO)

Boston Vegetarian Society Monthly Education Seminar (Allston, MA)

Buffalo Niagara Green Festival (Buffalo, NY)

Camp Kindness - Catskill Animal Sanctuary (Saugerties, NY)

Corporate Control of the Food System Symposium (Berkeley, CA)

Hidden in Plain Bite: Overlooked Opportunities for Food System Reform (San Francisco, CA)

Justice Begins with Seeds (Seattle, WA)

Massachusetts Dietetic Association Annual Nutrition Convention (Norwood, MA)

Microsoft Green Kids Conference (Mountain View, CA)

Oakland Veg Fest

Portland Veg Fest

Public Interest Environmental Law Conference

Richmond Vegetarian Festival (Richmond, VA)

San Francisco Earth Day

San Francisco Vegetarian Festival

Shamayin V'Aretz Retreat

Soil Not Oil International Conference (Richmond, CA)

Sonoma County Veg Fest

Tucson VegFest

Tzu Chi Collegiate Association Leadership Conference (New Jersey)

Women's Conference, St. Mary's College (Oakland, CA)

Faith Communities

Al-Rassool Islamic School (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

Al-Risala Academy (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Archbishop Romero Catholic Secondary School (Mississauga , Ontario, Canada)

Berkeley Friends Church (Berkeley, CA)

Berkeley Hillel (Berkeley, CA)

Beth Israel Judea (San Francisco, CA)

Blue Crescent Islamic School (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Chadeish Yameinu (Santa Cruz, CA)

First Unitarian Universalist Church (San Francisco, CA)

Islamic Institute of Toronto (Scarborough, Ontario, Canada)

Kehillah Jewish High School (Palo Alto, CA)

Jewish Federation (San Francisco, CA)

Neveh Shalom (Portland, OR)

Noor Children's Islamic School (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

Patten Academy of Christian Education (Oakland, CA)

Quaker Meeting

Santa Cruz Hillel (Santa Cruz, CA)

Sayeda Khadija Islamic Centre (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Silver Spring Jewish Center

St. Luke's Lutheran Church

Tayyibah Islamic Academy (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

Temple Isaiah (Los Angeles, CA)

Tzu Chi Foundation of San Jose

Um Al Qura Islamic School (Scarborough, Ontario, Canada)

Understanding Islam Academy (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Community Organizations and Non-Profits

Access Alliance

Afghan Women's Organization (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Berkeley Youth Alternative (Berkeley, CA)

Boston Public Health Commission 

Bower Center, East Bay Climate Expo

Breathe California of San Jose (San Jose, CA)

Brookline Health Department (Brookline, MA)

Brotherhood/Sisterhood Sol (New York, NY)

California Department of Public Health (Richmond, CA)

Cooperative Food Empowerment Directive (Sebastopol, CA)

Deborah's Palm (Palo Alto, CA)

D-Beatstro (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

East End Food Co-Op (Pittsburgh, PA)

Embassy House (San Francisco, CA)

Ethical Society of Northern Westchester (Ossining, NY)

Eugene Vegetarian Education Network (Eugene, OR)

Gresham Grange (Gresham, OR)

Humanist Community of Silicon Valley (San Jose, CA)

Humanists of Greater Portland (Portland, OR)

Institute of Noetic Sciences (San Francisco, CA)

International Visitor Leadership Program: Chinese Food Safety Delegation

Lake Merrit Breakfast Club (Oakland, CA)

Leadership Public Schools (Oakland, CA)

Natural Resources Defense Council (San Francisco, CA)

New York Society for Ethical Culture (New York, NY)

Oakland Sunrise Rotary Club

Physicians for Social Responsibility, Los Angeles Chapter

Purple Sprout (Wheeling, IL)

Putting Down Roots Sustainability Salon (Pittsburgh, PA)

Real Food Challenge - Webinar

Richmond Vegetarian Society (Richmond, VA)

Riverdale-Yonkers Society for Ethical Culture (Riverdale, NY)

Santa Clara County Animal Activists (San Jose, CA)

Senior Retirement Group for Federal Employees

Shiloh House

Sierra Club Sonoma Group, Board of Directors

Studio 89 (Mississauga, Ontario, Canada)

Texas Campaign for the Environment (Dallas, TX)

Toastmasters International (San Rafael, CA)

Tzu Chi Foundation (San Jose, CA)

Tzu Chi Foundation (Santa Rosa, CA)

Tzu Chi Foundation (San Dimas, CA)

Tzu Chi Foundation (Reston, VA)

Wellness Central (San Francisco, CA)

Whitney M. Young

Youth United for Community Action (East Palo Alto, CA)

Colleges & Universities

Lewis and Clark Law School

New York University Law School

UC Berkeley Boalt Law School

UC Berkeley Goldman School of Public Policy

Yale University: School of Forestry and Environmental Management (New Haven, CT)


AB - Tech Community College

Adelphi University: Health Course (Garden City, NY)

Aims Community College: Public Speaking (Greeley, CO)

Berkeley City College: Health Course (Berkeley, CA)

BIR Training Center

BIR Training Center-Loop Campus

Borough of Manhattan Community College: Criminal Justice (New York, NY)

Borough of Manhattan Community College: Writing 101

Bronx Community College: Yoga Class (Bronx, NY)

Cal State East Bay: Community Health (Hayward, CA)

Cal State East Bay: Environmental Science

Cal State East Bay: Public Health

Cal State East Bay: Sociology

Cal State Fullerton: Human Communication Studies

Chandler-Gilbert Community College

City College of San Francisco: Economics (San Francisco, CA)

City College of San Francisco: Interdisciplinary Studies

City College of San Francisco: Psychosocial Nursing

City College of San Francisco: Women's Studies

Clackamas Community College

College of Lake County

College of William and Mary: Business Course (Williamsburg, VA)

Colorado School of Mines: Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists (Golden, CO)

Colorado School of Mines: Beta Beta Beta Club

Community College of Denver

CU Boulder

De Anza College: Earth Week (Cupertino, CA)

De Anza College: Baylands Festival (Cupertino, CA)

Denver Community College: Argumentation (Denver, CO)

Denver Community College: Sociology

Dutchess Community College: English Course (Poughkeepsie, NY)

Duquesne University: Environmental Policy Student Organization (Pittsburgh, PA)

Elon University: Food Health, and Society (Elon, NC)

Evergreen University

Farragut Career Academy

Front Range Community College: Public Speaking (Westminster, CO)

Front Range Community College: Technical Writing

Front Range Community College: Women in Social Movements

George Brown College: Muslim Students' Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

Hudson County Community College: HUM 128 - Food and Culture (New Jersey)

Hofstra University: Health Course (Long Island, NY)

Holy Names University: Bay Area Social Justice Forum (Oakland, CA)

Holy Names University: Social Entrepreneurship

Hostos Community College: Expository Writing (Bronx, New York)

Hostos Community College: Environmental Studies

Hostos Community College: Food Studies

Hostos Community College: Public Speaking

J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College: Ecology (Richmond, VA)

LA City College: Political Science Courses

LA City College: English Course

LA City College: Biology Club

LA Valley College: Sociology Club

LaGuardia Community College: English Course (Long Island City, NY)

LaGuardia Community College: Environmental Psychology

LaGuardia Community College: Sociology 

LaGuardia Community College: Urban Sociology

Laney College

Las Positas College: ESL Course (Livermore, CA)

Lewis and Clark College: Environmental Sociology (Portland, OR)

Lewis and Clark College: Social Permaculture

Lewis and Clark College: Animal Studies

Lewis and Clark Law School

Lincoln High School (Portland, OR)

Manhattan Borough Community College

McHenry County College

Merritt College: Business Course (Oakland, CA)

Metro Community College

Metropolitan State University of Denver: Local, Organic, Gardening Club (Denver, CO)

Mills College (Oakland, CA)

Montclair State University (Montclair, NJ)

New York University: Animal Cruelty Conference

New York University: Animal Rights Club

New York University: How to Change the World - Advocacy Movements and Social Innovation

Northern IL University

Ohlone Community College: Biology Club (Fremont, CA)

Pacific Lutheran University (Tacoma, WA)

Paradise Valley Community College

Pierce College: Earth Day event (Woodland Hills, CA)

Pierce College: Environmental Ethics

Pikes Peak Community College: Environmental Science (Colorado Spring, CO)

Portland Community College: English Courses (Portland, OR)

Portland Community College: Environmental Science from a Biological Perspective

Portland Community College: Gender Studies

Portland Community College: Health and Fitness for Life

Portland Community College: Health, Food, and the Environment 

Portland Community College: Individual Sustainability

Portland Community College: Personal Health

Portland Community College: Philosophy of Ethics

Portland Community College: Sociology 206 - Social Problems 

Portland Community College: Women's Studies

Portland State University: Feminists for Environmental Justice (Portland, OR)

Queensborough Community College: Health Course (Bayside, NY)

Red Rocks Community College: Contemporary Social Problems (Lakewood, CO)

Red Rocks Community College: Deviant Behavior

Red Rocks Community College: Environmental Ethics

Red Rocks Community College: Environmental Sociology

Red Rocks Community College: Intro to Sociology

Reed College: Greenboard (Portland, OR)

Regis University (Denver, CO)

Rutgers University (New Jersey)

Ryerson University: Muslim Students' Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

Saint Mary's College

Salt Lake Community College

Salt Lake Community College: Environmental Science (Salt Lake City, UT)

Salt Lake Community College: Health Course

San Jose State University: Environmental Sciences 181 (San Jose, CA)

San Jose State University: Engineering/Writing

San Jose State University: Food Science

San Jose State University: Globalization

San Francisco State University: Critical Thinking

San Francisco State University: ECO Student Group

San Francisco State University: College of Business MBA Program

San Francisco State University: Residential Housing

San Francisco State University: Race, Gender, and Science Fiction

Santa Rosa Junior College: English Course (Santa Rosa, CA)

Santa Rosa Junior College: Speech and Communication

Seattle University: Power and Persuasion in Environmental Policy

Seminole State College: Biology and Environment (Oviedo, FL)

Seminole State College: Sociology (Orlando, FL)

Sonoma State University: English course (Sonoma, CA)

Southeast Community College

Stanford University: Farm to Fork Series (Palo Alto, CA)

Stanford University: Food Justice Course

Stanford University: Social Justice Course

State University of New York at Oswego: Alpha Delta Eta (Oswego, NY)

State University of New York at Oswego: Argumentation and Debate

State University of New York at Oswego: Persuasion

State University of New York at Oswego: Persuasion and Social Movements

State University of New York at Oswego: Students for Global Change

State University of New York at Oswego: Zeta Chi Zeta

St. Mary's College: Business Ethics (Oakland CA)

St. Mary's College: Ethics of Eating

St. Mary's College: Gender Studies

St. Mary's College: Green Religion

St. Mary's College: Health and Wellness Center

St. Mary's College: Intro to Business 

St. Mary's College: Sociology 125

UC Berkeley Decal

UC Berkeley: Residential Sustainability Education Coordinators

UC Berkeley: Bare Abundance 

UC Berkeley: Berkeley in the Global Food System

UC Berkeley: Cancer 101 (DeCal)

UC Berkeley: Communicating Sustainability

UC Berkeley: Critical Animal Studies

UC Berkeley: Ecofeminism 

UC Berkeley: Environmental Science, Policy, and Management C193A

UC Berkeley: Health Innovation (DeCal)

UC Berkeley: Joy of Garbage

UC Berkeley: Law and Our Food System

UC Berkeley: Organic Gardening and Food Justice

UC Berkeley: Public Health

UC Berkeley: Water and Human Rights

UC Berkeley: Social Justice

UC Berkeley: Tzu Ching

UC Berkeley: Animal Welfare Service Project

UC Berkeley: ASUC Sustainability Team

UC Berkeley: Students for Nutritional Advocacy and Community Wellness

UC Berkeley: Zero Waste Movement

UC Berkeley: Wolf Co-op

UC Berkeley: Chi Omega Sorority

UC Berkeley: Beverly Cleary Dormitory

UC Berkeley: Clark Kerr Dormitory

UC Davis: P.E.A.C.E.

UCLA: Bruins for Animals Club (Los Angeles, CA)

UCLA: Residence Hall

UCLA: Sustainability Dormitory

UC Santa Cruz

University of Colorado: Vegan Justice League (Boulder, CO)

University of Michigan: Topics in Environmental Social Science - Anthropological

Perspectives on Environmental Conflict (Ann Arbor, MI)

University of Mount Union: Environmental Policy (Alliance, OH)

University of the Pacific: Food, Culture, and Society

University of Portland (Portland, OR)

University of Puget Sound: ECO Student Group

University of San Francisco: Associated Students of USF (ASUSF) Senate (San Francisco, CA)

University of San Francisco: Environmental Ethics

University of San Francisco: Environmental Justice

University of San Francisco: Nutrition

University of San Francisco: Public Health

University of San Francisco: Writing

University of Toronto

University of Toronto: Environmental Conference (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

University of Toronto: UofT Veg Club

University of Utah

University of Washington: Medical Center (Seattle, WA)

Valencia College: Conversation on Justice 2018 (Orlando, FL)

Valencia College: Culinary Arts (Poinciana, FL)

Valencia College: Environmental Science (Orlando, FL)

Valencia College: Fundamentals of Speech (Osceola, FL)

Valencia College: Humanities (Orlando, FL)

Valencia College: Interpersonal Communications (Poinciana, FL)

Virginia Commonwealth University: Earth Day event (Richmond, VA)

Virginia Commonwealth University: Globe Program

Virginia Commonwealth University: Green Unity Club

Virginia Commonwealth University: Socially Responsible Teachers

Wesleyan University: Animal Welfare Club (Middletown, CT)

Western Washington University (Bellingham, WA)

William Paterson University: Public Sociology/Civic Engagement (Wayne, NJ)

High Schools

Abbey Park High School

Abraham Lincoln High School (San Francisco, CA)

Accelerated Schools (Denver, CO)

Adams City High School (Commerce City, CO)

Albany High School

Alliance Dr. Olga Mohan High School (Los Angeles, CA)

Alliance Environmental Science and Technology High School (Los Angeles, CA)

Amundsen High School (Chicago, IL)

Appomattox Regional Governor's School (Petersburg, VA)

Arapahoe Ridge High School (Boulder, CO)

Atlee High School (Mechanicsville, VA)

Aurora Central High School (Aurora, CO)

Balboa High School (San Francisco, CA)

Benito Juarez High School

Benson Polytechnic High School (Portland, OR)

Bergen County Academies (Hackensack, NJ)

Berkeley High School (Berkeley, CA)

Beverly Hills High School (Beverly Hills, CA)

Bill Crothers Secondary School

Bishop Moore Catholic High Scholl (Orlando, FL)

Bishop O'Dowd High School (Oakland, CA)

Blind Brook High School (Rye Brook, NY)

Bloor Collegiate Institute 

Boston Green Academy

Boston Latin Academy

Boulder Prep High School (Boulder, CO)

Birchmount Park Collegiate Institute

Byram Hills High School (Armonk, NY)

Carmel High School

Casa Grande High School (Petaluma, CA)

Centaurus High School

Central Toronto Academy

Charles D. Owen High School

Chicago Tech Academy (Chicago, IL)

CISC Northtown Academy

Clarkstown High School North (New City, NY)

Clarkstown High School South (West Nyack, NY)

Cleveland Charter High School (Reseda, CA)

Cleveland High School (Portland, OR)

Codman Academy

Colorado Academy

Colorado Charter High School (Denver, CO)

Community High School (Richmond, VA)

Compassion Road Academy (Denver, CO)

Copper Hills High School

Crescent Valley High School (Corvallis, OR)

CSIS Northtown Academy

Curie High School

Curie Metropolitan High School (Chicago, IL)

C. W. Jeffreys

David Douglas High School (Portland, OR)

De Anza High School (El Sobrante, CA)

Denver Inner City Parish (Denver, CO)

Delphi Academy of Campbell

Dewey Academy

Disney II Magnet High School

Doherty High School (Colorado Springs, CO)

Don Mills Collegiate Institute

Downtown High School

Dr. G.W Williams Secondary School

Dr. John M. Denison Secondary School

Dwight Morrow High School (Englewood, NJ)

East Boston High School

East Oakland PRIDE

East High School (Denver, CO)

East Side Community High School (New York, NY)

Eastern Senior High School (Washington, D.C.)

Elwood Park Memorial High School

Environmental Charter High School

Estes Park High School (Estes Park, CO)

Fairview High School (Boulder, CO)

Forrest Hill Collegiate Institute

Fort Collins High School (Fort Collins, CO)

Fox Lane High School (Bedford, NY)

Franklin High School

Freeman High School (Henrico, VA)

Galileo Academy of Science and Technology (San Francisco, CA)

Garfield High School (Los Angeles, CA)

Gary Comer College Prep (Chicago, IL)

Gateway High School (Denver, CO)

Gateway High School (San Francisco, CA)

George S. Henry Academy

George Washington High School (Denver, CO)

George Washington High School (San Francisco, CA)

George Wythe High School (Richmond, VA)

Golden High School (Golden, CO)

Grant High School (Portland, OR)

Hackensack High School (Hackensack ,NJ)

Hayward High School

Hidden Lake High School (Westminster, CO)

Highland Springs High School (Richmond, VA)

Hingham High School

Holy Names High School (Oakland, CA)

Horizon High School

Huguenot High School (Richmond, VA)

Hull High School

Huron High School (Ann Arbor, MI)

Inglewood High School (Inglewood, CA)

Instituto Health and Sciences Career Academy (Chicago, IL)

Irvington High School (Fremont, CA)

James Logan High School

Jefferson High School (Edgewater, CO)

Jefferson Jr/Sr High School

John Marshall High School (Richmond, VA)

John O'Bryant School of Mathematics and Science

John O'Connell High School

John Wooden High School (Reseda, CA)

Jones College Prep High School (Chicago, IL)

Jones High School (Orlando, FL)

Judge Memorial Catholic High School

Kearns High School

Kehillah Jewish High School (Palo Alto, CA)

Kelley High School

Kent Denver High School

Lakeshore Collegiate Institute

Lane Tech High School

Las Lomas High School

Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute

Leaside High School

Lenape High School (Medford, NJ)

Lick Wilmerding High School (San Francisco, CA)

Life Academy High School (Oakland)

Lincoln East High

Lowell High School (San Francisco)

Madison High School (Portland, OR)

<alvern Collegiate Institute

Manteca Unified School District (Manteca, CA)

Margarita Muniz Academy

Markville Secondary School

Marine Leadership Academy

Martingrove Collegiate Institute

Matoaca High School (Chesterfield, VA)

Memorial High School (Elmwood Park, NJ)

Midlothian High School (Midlothian, VA)

Michele Clark Academic Prep Magnet

Millennium High School

Mission San Jose High School (Fremont, CA)

MIT Academy (Vallejo, CA)

Monacan High School (North Chesterfield, VA)

Monarch High School (Louisville, CO)

Mount Dora High School (Orlando, FL)

Mt. Diablo High School (Concord, CA)

Mt. Eden High School

Niwot High School (Niwot, CO)

North Attleboro High School

North Grand High School

Northside College Prep

Northwest Prep Charter School

New Roads School (Santa Monica, CA)

New Vista High School

The Nueva School (San Mateo, CA)

Nyack High School (Nyack, NY)

Oakland High School

Oakland Technical High School

Open High School (Richmond, VA)

Palo Alto High School

Panorama High School (Van Nuys, CA)

Park City High School (Park City, UT)

Parkrose High School

Patrick Henry High School (Ashland, VA)

Peak to Peak Charter School (Lafayette, CO)

Phoenix High School (Los Angeles, CA)

Piedmont High School

Pierre Elliot Trudeau High School

Pomona High School (Denver, CO)

Prairie View High School (Henderson, CO)

Prosser Career Academy

Quincy High School

Raoul Wallenberg High School (San Francisco, CA)

Richard T. Crane Medical Prep

Richmond High School (Richmond, CA)

Rise Up Community High School (Denver, CO)

Roosevelt High School

Rowland Hall High School

Sacred Heart Cathedral Preperatory

Salesian College Preperatory

Salesian High School (Richmond, CA)

San Antonio High School (Petaluma, CA)

San Leandro High School

San Lorenzo High School

Santa Monica High School (Santa Monica, CA)

Schurz High School

Senn High School

Sheldon High School (Sacramento, CA)

Sir William Mulock Secondary School

Skyline High School

Solon High School

Southeast High School (Bradenton, FL)

South High School

Springs Studio for Academic Excellence (Colorado Springs, CO)

Spruce Creek High School (Port Orange, FL)

Standley Lake High School

Sturgis Charter Public School (Hyannis, MA)

St. Bernard High School

St. Elizabeth High School

St. Catherine's High School (Richmond, VA)

St. Vincent de Paul High School (Petaluma, CA)

Summit Academy High School (Denver, CO)

Taylorsville High School

Theodore Roosevelt High School (Washington, D.C.)Summit Academy High School (Denver, CO)

Thomas Kelly High School

Thronlea Secondary School

Tennyson High School (Hayward, CA)

Tommy Douglas Secondary School

Urban Science Academy

Venice High School

Venture Prep High School (Denver, CO)

Vista Academy (Denver, CO)

Vista Ridge High School (Colorado Springs, CO)

Wekiva High School (Orlando, FL)

West High School

Westinghouse Prep

Whitney Young Prep

William Lyon Mackenzie C. I.

Winter Springs High School (FL)

Woodrow Wilson High School (Los Angeles, CA) 

World Communications Charter School

Middle Schools

Andreis Hudde Middle School

Cherry Creek Middle School

Icicle River Middle School

Jefferson Jr. High

Odyssey Community School

Treasure Mountain Junior High

Elementary Schools

Harding Elementary

Moscone Elementary School

Riverside Elementary

Other Schools

Alameda International

Bruce Randolf School

Chadwick School

Milken Community School

Ogden International

Wildwood School



+ Factory Farming Basics

Marketing Old MacDonald:
Photo: Link

CAFOs: “Animal Feeding Operations” USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service Web.
All photos public domain from Wikimedia Commons

A Brief History of Poultry
Technology Innovation
The Chicken of Tomorrow:
Jeannie Hudkins. “Eat Like You Give a Damn: for the animals, for your health, for the planet” 2013, Mill City Press, Minneapolis, pp. 4-5


9 billion animals: ”Farm Animal Statistics: Slaughter Totals." Humane Society of the United States. 2016. Web.

99% of all animal products: “New poll shows majority uncomfortable with animal farming despite eating turkeys for Thanksgiving”, Sentience Institute. November 2017. Web.

+ Animals

Chickens produce 300 eggs/year, that’s 3x natural amount: “History of Egg Production.” American Egg Board. Incredible Edible Egg. 2007. Web.
Photo: Animal Place

Debeaking: “Animal Husbandry Guidelines for U.S. Egg-Laying Flocks” United Egg Producers 2017, p. 9 Web.
Photos: Link

Video (debeaking): Undercover investigation by Mercy for Animals

67 square inches FF statistic:
“Animal Husbandry Guidelines for U.S. Egg-Laying Flocks”, United Egg Producers, 2017, p. 19 Web.
Photo 1: Wikimedia Commons
Photo 2: Compassion Over Killing

Chickens live for 6-8 years & slaughtered at 1-2 years old FF statistic:
Berry, Joe. “Often Asked Questions about Poultry and Eggs.” Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension Service, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. Web.

% of eggs from caged hens statistic:
United Egg Producers, “Animal Husbandry Guidelines for U.S. Egg-Laying Flocks” 2017 Web.
Photo: Animal Place

250 million male layers discarded each year:
“No More Culls? Male Layer Chicks Might Soon Be Spared Death Sentence” The Poultry Site. 2017, Web
Photo: Humane League Labs.

Broilers grow so rapidly:
Martin, D. “Researcher Studying Growth-Induced Diseases in Broilers.” Feedstuffs. 1997. Print.

Average weight increase, drop in time to market, daily feed requirements:
William, Boyd. “Making Meat: Science, Technology, and American Poultry Production,” Technology and Culture. 2001. (cited from Foer 106).

Daily growth rate increase: Knowles, T.G. “Leg Disorders in Broiler Chickens: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Prevention.” PLoS ONE. 2008. (cited from Foer 48).

Broiler chickens severely crippled:
Kestin, S.C. “Prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens and its relationship with genotype.” Veterinary Record. 29 Aug. 1992: p.131, pp. 190-194. Print.

90% broiler chickens can’t walk normally:
Kestin, S.C. “Prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens and its relationship with genotype.” Veterinary Record. 29 Aug. 1992: p.131, pp.190-194. Print.
Photo: Link

Workers crate 105 chickens in 3.5 min:
“Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Workers’ Rights in US Meat and Poultry Plants.” New York: Human Rights Watch. 2004. (cited from Foer 104).

30% birds arriving with freshly broken bones:
T.G. Knowles. “Handling and Transport of Spent Hens,” World’s Poultry Science Journal. 1994. pp.. 60-61 (cited from Foer 132).
Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter.“ USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. Web.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

Slaughter (chickens):
“A Critical Review of Electrical Water-Bath Stun Systems for Poultry Slaughter and Recent Developments in Alternative Technologies”, Humane Society Institute for Science and Policy Animal Studies Repository, 2010. Web.

“The Need for Legislation and Elimination of Electrical Immobilization”. United Poultry Concerns.
Link Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

Cage free: “Cage-Free vs. Battery-Cage Eggs.” The Humane Society of the United States.
Photo: Wikimedia commons.

Free range:
“Fact Sheet: Meat and Poultry Labeling Terms.” USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service. Apr. 2011. Web.
Photo: Animal Legal Defense Fund.

Organic Label:
“Labeling Organic Products.” Agricultural Marketing Service. USDA. Web.

Photo: USDA

Artificial insemination:
Webb, D.W. “Artificial Insemination of Dairy Cattle.” University of Florida Electronic Data Information.Reviewed June 2003. Web.
Photo: Link

Clip from the Documentary Adieu veau, vache, cochon, couvee by Beatrice Limare.

Calves separated from their mothers soon after birth:
“Early separation of cow and calf has long-term effects on social behavior”. Science Daily. April 2015. Web.

Cows milked 3 times per day to 10-12 months: “Is three-times-a-day milking for you?”. Michigan State University Extension. June 2011. Web.
Photo: Gunnar Richter Namenlos.net via Wikimedia Commons

Gestation Crate: “Crammed into Gestation Crates.” Humane Society of the United States. 2014. Web.

Farrowing Crate:
Philpot, Tom. “You won’t believe what pork producers do to pregnant pigs.” Mother Jones. July/August 2013 article. Web.

Sows showing signs of insanity: Blackwell, “Production Practices and Well-Being: Swine.” (Cited from Foer Pgs. 183-187).

Piglet tails and testicles removed without anesthetic: “The Use of Drugs in Food Animals: Benefits and Risks,” National Academy of Science. 1999. (Cited from Foer 168).

Castrated meat: “Castration of pigs”, Virginia Cooperative Extension Newsletter Archive, Livestock Update, January 2008
Photo: Link

Common Farming Practice Exemption: “Large-scale farmed animal abuse and neglect: law and its enforcement” Animal Law and Ethics, Issue 63, May 2011.

Ag-gag laws: “Ag-gag Laws Keep Animal Cruelty Behind Closed Doors”. The Humane Society of the United States. Web.
Photo: Link

Fish stocks fully fished or overfished: “Future of world fish production depends on urgent action to combat falling fish stocks” Oceana,July 2016, Web.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Video: Ocean Defender- Hawaii

Bycatch: “Bycatch Threats” World Wildlife Foundation. Web.
“Reducing Bycatch in Shrimp Trawlers: Could efforts in North Carolina Provide a Solution?” The Fish Site April 2016. Web.
Photo: Link

“Effects of Aquaculture or Fish Farming on Ocean Health”. The Seafood Watch Program of the Monterey Bay Aquarium. Web.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons

“Thailand: Forced Labor, Trafficking Persist in Fishing Fleets”, Human Rights Watch January 2018. Web.

+ Social Justice

Cumulative trauma injuries / slaughterhouse workers:
“Inspection Guidance for Poultry Slaughtering and Poultry Processing Establishments”, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, United States Department of Labor. October 2015 Web.

No health insurance:
“Slaughterhouse workers” Food Empowerment Project

“Amputations abound at Tyson Foods, OSHA records shed more light on industrial food production” The Pump Handle. January 2016. Web.

Diapers in slaughterhouses:
“Poultry Workers, Denied Bathroom Breaks, Wear Diapers: Oxfam Report” nbc news May 2016. Web.
Photo: USDA

McWilliams, James. “PTSD in the Slaughterhouse.” The Texas Observer. 07 Feb 2012. Web.

Cleaning Crew:
“The American meat industry’s dark secret” Business Insider, January 2018. Web.

National Beef Plant:
“Deaths of Three at Kansas Meat Packing Plant Investigated.” Oaklahoman. June, 1991. Web.

Factory farms are destroying Communities Drive small farmers out of business:
“A few companies dominate American meat Industry: Washington Post opinion”, Oregon Live, The Oregonian , November 23 2013. Web.

CAFOs drive down property values: “Examples of Properties Devalued by Factory Farms: Studies and Reports”, Factory Farm Tax Protest. Web.

Health problems:
“What’s Wrong With Factory Farms?”, Factory Farm Map, Food and Water Watch. Web.

Legally employ children as young as 12:
‘Child Labor Bulletin 102. Child Labor Requirements in Agricultural Occupations Under the Fair Labor Standards Act”, U.S. Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division. Web.

Work 42 hours per week but living at poverty level:
“Low Wages”, National Farm Worker Ministry. Web

10,000-20,000 workers diagnosed with “pesticide poisoning’ every year:
‘NIOSH Pesticide Poisoning Monitoring Program Protects Farmworkers”, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web.

Food Access. Where the money goes: The Foods that Subsidies Support “U.S. touts fruits and vegetables while subsidizing animals that become meat”, Health & Science, Washington Post, October 3 2011. Web.

Racial Disparities:
“Food Equity: How Structural Racism Reduces Sustainability in the Food System”, Sustainability Institute, July 26 2016
“Congress could cut another $8.7 billion in food stamp benefits”, MSNBC, January 9 2014. Web.

+ Health

80% of antibiotics are used on animals:
Johns Hopkins, Center for a Liveable Future, “Food Production and Public Health”, 2012

“Swine-flu outbreak could be linked to Smithfield factory farms”, Grist, April 26 2009. Web.

MRSA kills more Americans a year than AIDS:
University of Chicago Medicine MRSA Research Center. Web.

People living near factory farms nearly 3x more likely to be MRSA carriers: “Residential proximity to large numbers of swine in feeding operations is associated with increased risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization at time of hospital admission in rural Iowa veterans.” Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, February 2014. Web.

45% of workers on pig factory farms tested positive for MRSA: “Swine Farming is a Risk Factor for Infection With and High Prevalence of Carriage of Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus” Clin Infect Dis. July 1 2015. Web.

Infected Meat:
“Superbugs Invade America’s Supermarket Meat”, Environmental Working Group, April 15 2013. Web.

Leading Causes of Death:
“Leading Causes of Death”, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web.

Heart Disease Vegetarians have a 32% lower risk of death from heart disease: “Vegetarianism can reduce risk of heart disease by up to a third”, University of Oxford, January 30 2013

Diabetes: “Going vegan could prevent type 2 diabetes”

IARC Carcinogenic Classification Groups
UK Cancer Research

People with diets rich in animal products were 4x more likely to die of cancer: “Low protein intake is associated with a major reduction in IGF-1,cancer, and overall mortality in the 65 and younger but not older population”, Cell Metab. , March 4 2014. Web.

Consistent positive association between meat consumption and obesity: “Diets High in Meat Consumption Associated with Obesity”, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, September 3 2009. Web.

Eating 50g of processed meat a day increases the chance of developing colorectal cancer by 18%:
“World Health Organization Says Processed Meat Causes Cancer”, American Cancer Society, October 26 2015. Web.

Doctors catching on: “Nutritional Update for Physicians: Plant-Based Diets”, Perm.J, 2013 Spring. Web.

Incomplete protein myth:
Diet for a Small Planet, by Frances Moore Lappe

Sodium Plumping:
Center for Science in the Public Interest

Countries affected by lactose intolerance: “Lactose intolerance”, Genetics Home Reference, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web.

Dairy and Acne: ‘Growing evidence suggests possible link between diet and acne’ American Academy of Dermatology. February 8 2013

+ Environmental Impact

One of the most destructive industries:
“The Triple Whopper Environmental Impact of Global Meat Production” Time. December 2013. Web.

Animal Feed:
“Animal Feed” Sustainable Table, GRACE Communications Foundation. Web.

Animals: a really inefficient source of food Feeding the world:
“Redefining agricultural yields: from tonnes to people nourished per hectare”. IOPscience, August 2013. Web.

“The role of pasture and soybean in deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon”. IOPscience, April 2010. Web.

Percentage of mammals on Earth:
Carrington, Damian. “Humans just 0.01% of all life but have destroyed 83%of wild mammals” study The Guardian, May 2018. Web.

Grass-fed? Think again:
“Grazed and confused? New report gives the lay of the land on grazing livestock’s climate impact”. The Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food. October 2017.

Most GMO crops in the US are fed to animals on factory farms:
Van Eenennaam, Alison L., and Amy E. Young. " Feeding GMO Crops to Livestock - Beef Research New - Beef Issues Quarterly.’ Department of Animal Sciences, University of California, Davis, Mar. 2016. Web.
"Recent Trends in GE Adoption." USDA ERS. N.p., 3 Nov. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
"Contribution of GM Technology to the Livestock Sector." ISAAA. N.p., Aug. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

Meat production accounts for over ⅓ of all pesticide use:
Steinfeld, Henning, Pierre Gerber, Tom Wassenaar, Vincent Castel, Mauricio Rosales, and Cees De Haan. Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options. Publication. Rome: FAO, 2006. Print.

Pesticides are toxic:
Neonicitinoid colony collapse disorder: Dwyer, Marge. "Study Strengthens Link between Neonicotinoids and Collapse of Honey Bee Colonies." Harvard School of Public Health. N.p., 9 May 2014. Web. 12 Apr. 2017.
Neonic use on crops fed to livestock: LaJeunesse, Sara. "Rapid Increase in Neonicotinoid Insecticides Driven by Seed Treatments." Penn State University. Penn State University, 2 Apr. 2015. Web. 12 Apr. 2017.
Pesticide poisoning in workers: Dearen, Jason. "Why U.S. Farmworkers Keep Getting Poisoned by Pesticides." St. Louis Post Dispatch. N.p., 3 Feb. 2016. Web. 12 Apr. 2017.

Skipping one gallon of milk equal to skipping one month’s worth of showers:
Alex Park and Julia Lurie, “It takes HOW much water to make Greek yogurt??”, Mother Jones March 2014

Milk vs. ‘Milk” Environmental impacts of different types of milk, per liter:
Julia Moskin et al. “Your Questions About Food and Climate Change, Answered” The New York Times, April 2019. Web.

Farm animals in the US produce 100x as much waste as the entire US human population:
Gerba, C. P., & Smith, J. E. (2004). Sources of pathogenic microorganisms and their fate during land application of wastes. Journal of Environmental Quality, 34(1), 42-48. Retrieved August 27, 2012.

Drone Video:
Citizen Drone Project. www.factoryfarmdrones.com Liquified waste is sprayed onto surrounding land:
Manure spraying: "Understanding Manure Irrigation." University of Wisconsin - Extension. N.p., 14 Apr. 2016. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

Exempt from the Clean Air Act:
“Livestock emissions still up in the air” Chemical and Engineering News, April 2, 2018

Leading cause of water pollution in the U.S.:
“Unified National Strategy for Animal Feeding Operations”, U.S. Department of Agriculture & U.S. Environmental Agency, March 9, 1999

“About Eutrophication” World Resources Institute

Gulf of Mexico dead zone is the largest ever recorded:
“Gulf of Mexico ‘dead zone’ is the largest ever measured”, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, August 2, 2017

Meat production makes more greenhouse gases than all the planes, trains, and cars in the world combined:
"Livestock a Major Threat to Environment." Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. N.p., 29 Nov. 2006. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.

Ruminant animals produce methane:
"Monitoring Methane Emissions from Agriculture and Dairy Farming." Environmental Technology. N.p., 2017. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

More potent than CO2:
"Overview of Greenhouse Gases." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 14 Feb. 2017. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

Animal waste releases nitrous oxide:
Costa, J. R., C. Li, C. E. Cerri, and C. C. Cerri. "Measuring and Modeling Nitrous Oxide and Methane Emissions from Beef Cattle Feedlot Manure Management: First Assessments under Brazilian Condition." Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

More potent than CO2:
"Understanding Global Warming Potentials" EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 14 Feb. 2017. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

The top 5 meat and dairy companies combined:
“Emissions impossible: How big meat and dairy are heating up the planet”, GRAIN and the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP), June 28 2018. Web.

The top 20 meat and dairy companies combined:
Shefali Sharma, “Big Meat and Dairy are Heating Up our Planet” Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, July 2018

Substituting beans for beef:
Harwatt H. et al, “Substituting beans for beef as a contribution toward US climate targets” Climatic Change, 2017

If everyone in the US ate no meat or cheese just one day per week, it would be like not driving 91 billion miles, or taking 7.6 million cars off the road:
"Reducing Your Footprint." Reducing Your Footprint - 2011 Meat Eaters Guide | Meat Eater's Guide to Climate Change + Health | Environmental Working Group. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

Global warming, Food insecurity:
“Feeding 9 Billion” National Geographic, May 2014

+ Solutions

Leaders agree: “Our Nutrient World: The challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution. Global Overview of Nutrient Management”, United Nations Environment Programme, October 31 and November 1 2018.


Springmann, Marco et al, “Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits” Nature, 2018

Drawdown: top 100 scientific solutions to drawing down carbon emissions Paul Hawken ‘Drawdown. 100 solutions to reverse global warming’

China’s plan to cut meat consumption by 50%: ‘China’s plan to cut meat consumption by 50% cheered by climate campaigners’ The Guardian, June 20 2016. Web.

Meatless Mondays: “The Johns Hopkins Meatless Mondays Project”, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Top Athletes: “Kendrick Farris, The Only Male U.S. Weightlifter in the Olympics, is Totally Vegan”, HuffPost. October 2016.
“This Drastic Diet Change Helped Venus Williams Fight her Autoimmune Condition”. Health. January 2017
“NFL Veganism? David Carter, Griff Whalen have broken the mold”. NFL. September 2016
“Celtics’ Kyrie Irving on the benefits of his vegan diet”. Boston. November 2017.

Save money: “A Vegetarian Diet Can Save You Around $750 Each Year When Compared to a Meat - Eating Diet”. Medical Daily. October 2015. Web.

Eat your vegetables! ‘Fruits and Vegetables: 90% of Americans don’t Eat Enough’ Time. November 17 2017

Plant-based foods: a growing market:
“U.S. Plant Based Foods Industry Tops $5 Billion in Annual Sales”. Plant Based Foods Association. March 2017. Web.
“Dairy Alternative Market is anticipated to cross USD 34 Billion by 2024”. PR Newswire. January 2018. Web.
“Get Ready For A Meatless Meat Explosion, As Big Food Gets On Board”. Fast Company. December 2017. Web.

A growing trend: ‘Vegan in going mainstream, trend data suggest’, Food Navigator Magazine, March 17 2015.Web.
“Power to the Plants: the rise of plant-based eating”, Mintel.Web. Link

The future of food:
‘Biz Stone Explains Why Twitter’s Co-Founders Are Betting Big On A Vegan Meat Startup’ Fast Company, June 13 2012. Web.

Clean Meat:
“Lab-Grown Meat May Save a Lot More than Farm Animals’ Lives”. nbc news. April 2017. Web.

Berkeley Green Monday Resolution: ‘Berkeley passes resolution requiring vegan food to be served once a week at city events, meetings’ abc7 News, September 17 2018. Web.